Genesis 1:12

Genesis 1:12



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The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

Targum Onkelos: And the earth put forth grass; the herb, whose germ‑seed is sown after its kind; and the tree making fruit, whose seed is in it after its kind. And the Lord saw that it was good.

Rashi: And the earth gave forth, etc.: Even though לְמִינֵהוּ.“according to its kind,” was not said regarding the herbs when they were commanded [to grow], they heard that the trees were commanded thus, and they applied an a fortiori argument to themselves, [a קַל וָחוֹמֶר -from the minor to the major], as is explained in the Aggadah of Tractate Chullin (60a).

Rambam: The force in the four elements brought forth small plants and shrubs, as well as large seed-bearing plants and fruit-bearing trees. God confirmed them in their existence in God’s will.

Ibn Ezra: the earth sprouted vegetation — grasses that produce seed according to its kind and trees which produce fruit in which is its seed according to its kind. God understood that it was good.

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